The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of 10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City, organized by Peter J. McGuire, a Carpenters and Joiners Union secretary. By 1893, more than half the states were observing a "Labor Day" on one day or another, and Congress passed a bill to establish a federal holiday in 1894. President Grover Cleveland signed the bill designating the first Monday in September as Labor Day.
Did you know???
In 1938, the first minimum wage instituted was 25 cents an hour...it's now $7.25.
President Cleveland signed the Labor Day Bill in an effort to win back votes. He had ordered federal troops to intervene in the Pullman Yards Strike which aroused sympathy across the country and more strikes were called to show solidarity with the workers.
The 8 hour day started in 1935, under the National Labor Relations Act which also provided us with the OSHA and child labor laws.
There is no federal law mandating "paid" vacations.
The "coffee break" started in 1882 in Stoughton, WI. Norwegian housewives, who were going to replace their husbands at a tobacco factory because they had left to work for another company, would not go to work unless they got a break in the afternoon for coffee.
On average, workers have been with their current employer for 4.1 years and only 10% have been there for more than 20 years.
In 2008, the average earning for male and female full time year round workers was $46,367 and $35,745 respectively.
|Occupation||Number of employees|
|Gaming services workers||85,000|
|Hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists||718,000|
|Chefs and head cooks||281,000|
|Musicians, singers and related workers||179,000|
|Taxi drivers and chauffeurs||286,000|
|Service station attendants||96,000|
|Farmers and ranchers||825,000|
As we celebrate the day to honor the American Worker, be mindful that we are lucky enough to be part of the 154.4 million people that are part of the nation's labor force, we get paid vacations and paid for the holiday!
"Labor Day differs in every essential from the other holidays of the year in any country. All other holidays are in a more or less degree connected with conflicts and battles of man's prowess over man, of strife and discord for greed and power, of glories achieved by one nation over another. Labor Day...is devoted to no man, living or dead, to no sect, race, or nation."
Samuel Gompers, Founder of the American Federation of Labor
"Strange is our situation here upon earth. Each of us comes for a short visit, not knowing why, yet sometimes seeming to a divine purpose. From the standpoint of daily life, however, there is one thing we do know: That we are here for the sake of others...for the countless unknown souls with whose fate we are connected by a bond of sympathy. Many times a day, I realize how much my outer and inner life is built upon the labors of people, both living and dead, and how earnestly I must exert myself in order to give in return as much as I have received". ~ Albert Einstein~